U.S. International Trade Commission (USITC), “China: Effects of Intellectual Property Infringement and Indigenous Innovation Policies on the U.S. Economy” (2011)

The USITC report estimated that an improvement in IPR protection in China to levels comparable to those in the United States could lead to an estimated $107.0-billion gain in U.S. exports and sales to majority-owned affiliates in China (after adjusting for the double-counting of U.S. exports to affiliate firms in China). U.S. exports of goods and services to China—including the receipt of royalties and license fees—could increase by an estimated $21.4 billion, and sales to U.S. majority-owned affiliates in China could increase by an estimated $87.8 billion.